What are the symptoms during pregnancy?
During pregnancy, symptoms associated with hormonal changes, changes in body weight and growth of the uterus occur, which generate loads on the hip, knee and ankle joints.
Nausea and vomiting
Associated with the gestation hormone known as progesterone, in most pregnant women they occur with greater intensity in the first 4 to 12 weeks and resolve spontaneously before week 16 to 20 of gestation. You should always consult your doctor to use a drug to treat this symptom.
At home you can try to control them by consuming a ginger infusion or its zest, or sometimes it is soothing to chew small pieces of ice.
Reflux and epigastric pain
Burning or discomfort sensation that is felt behind the sternum, is accompanied by “sour” gastric regurgitation and usually occurs in the first half of pregnancy. It is then necessary to implement some modifications in lifestyle and diet, avoiding going to bed within an hour after eating and avoiding the consumption of greasy foods or foods with sauces. The doctor may recommend an antacid medication.
Constipation and hemorrhoids
These symptoms are related to high levels of progesterone that generate a reduction in the movement of the digestive system, which is why a diet rich in fiber provided by fruits, vegetables, legumes and also a consumption of approximately 2 liters of water daily is recommended. Laxative plant drinks or herbal preparations that have not been authorized by the doctor should be avoided.
It occurs mainly in the superficial veins of the legs, associated with hormonal changes, weight and growth of the uterus, which can make it difficult for blood to return to the leg veins. It is recommended to take regular walks, avoid sitting for long periods of time and use specific compression stockings for varicose veins.
Low back pain
It is pain in the lower back, associated with the increase in lumbar curvature and the production of a hormone called relaxin, which has the function of relaxing the ligaments to facilitate the passage of the fetus through the maternal pelvis. It usually occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy and can improve with water exercises or physiotherapy aimed at back care.
Painful sensation that originates in the anterior area of the pelvis and radiates to the legs, also caused by the hormone relaxin. This pain can be reduced with physical therapy.